The Concept of "Self" in Uyghur

ئۇيغۇر تىلىدىكى «ئۆز» ئۇقۇمى

The concept of "self" in Uyghur is very similar to that in English, with the word ئۆز playing the analogous role. The possessive suffixes are added to denote whose self is in question, analogously to the English "myself", "yourself", etc.

English VersionUyghur Equivalent
myself ئۆزۈم
ourselves ئۆزىمىز
yourself (informal) ئۆزۈڭ
yourself (formal) ئۆزىڭىز
yourself (respectful) ئۆزلىرى
yourselves (standard) ئۆزۈڭلار
yourselves (respectful) ئۆزلىرى
himself, herself, itself, oneself ئۆزى
themselves ئۆزلىرى

Note that the Uyghur equivalents of "yourself (respectful)", "yourselves" (respectful), and "themselves" are all the same (ئۆزلىرى). If the correct meaning is not clear from the context, then the corresponding pronouns ھەرقايسىلىرى, سىلى, and ئۇلار may be used for clarity.

Grammatically, the above forms are nouns and may be treated as such with regard to cases [2].


  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2013. (p. 474)
  3. Renee D. Gaines, "Beginning Uyghur for English Speakers". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2010. (p. 168)
  4. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 188-189)
  5. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 68-69)
  6. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 203-205)
  7. Reinhard F. Hahn, Ablahat Ibrahim, "Spoken Uyghur". University of Washington Press: Seattle, 1991. (p. 590-591)
  8. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 101)
  9. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 150)
  10. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 83-84)
  11. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Intermediate Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2016. (p. 65)