Paj-Puj: Cardinal Numbers with Measure Words

Cardinal Numbers with Measure Words

مىقدار سۆز بىلەن ئىشلىتىلگەن ساناق سان

Measure words are those that specify the nature of the item being counted (e.g., "a *loaf* of bread" or "two *truckloads* of cigarettes"). Just like in English, they are often not needed and may be left out, but, when they are used, they go between the number and the item counted. In some cases, measure words allow the counting of uncountable things (e.g., "a *pile* of snow") or make precise what kind of quantity is being specified (e.g., "a *scoop* of ice cream" versus "an ice cream"). In this sense, too, English speakers will be happy to find that Uyghur generally follows the same rules and patterns.

three scoops of ice cream
ئۈچ يۇمىلاق ماروژنى

two naan
 
ئىككى تال نان
ئىككى نان

list of the world's one hundred most powerful women
يەر شارىدىكى يۈز نەپەر ئەڭ نوپۇزلۇق ئايال تىزىملىكى

A group of children is playing downstairs.
 
.بىر توپ بالىلار پەستە ئويناۋاتىدۇ
.بىر توپ بالا پەستە ئويناۋاتىدۇ

Travel is also a kind of rest.
.ساياھەتمۇ بىر خىل دەم ئېلىش

This pair of shoes is really sturdy. It's held together for ten years now.
.بۇ جۈپ ئاياغ بەك پۇختا ئىكەن، ئون يىل چىدايدىغان بولدى

This pilaf is so filling that I'm full after just two spoonfuls.
.بۇ پولۇ شۇنداق قۇۋۋەتلىككى، ئىككى قوشۇق يەپلا تويۇپ قالدىم

He came to the meeting, but for some reason didn't even utter a single word.
.ئۇ يىغىنغا كەلدى، بىر ئېغىزمۇ گەپ قىلمىدىغۇ ـ تاڭ

I've written an article. Could you take a look and tell me if it's okay?
مەن بىر پارچە ماقالە يازغانىدىم، سىز كۆرۈپ بېقىڭ، بولامدىكىن؟


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2013. (p. 242)
  3. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 153-154)
  4. Nabijan Tursun, "Uyghur Reader". Dunwoody Press: Hyattsville, 2009. (p. xvii-xviii)
  5. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 131, 150-157)
  6. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 141)
  7. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 80)