Paj-Puj: Expressing Groups of People

Expressing Groups of People

ئادەم توپىنى بىلدۈرۈش

The suffixes ەيلەن (for numbers ending in a consonant) and يلەن (for numbers ending in a vowel) are attached to cardinal numbers of 2 and greater to create expressions analogous to the English "the five of us" or "the two of them". Unlike what is achieved by adding the possessive suffixes, these forms *only* refer to people and cannot refer to inanimate objects. Additionally, it is necessary to place a personal or demonstrative pronoun before the number so as to make clear whom the number is referring to (note that possessive suffixes already carry this information).

The three of them are all the same age.
.ئۇ ئۈچەيلەننىڭ يېشى تەڭ

The two of us need to prepare for the exam.
.بىز ئىككىيلەن ئىمتىھانغا تەييارلىق قىلىشىمىز كېرەك

When used with the number بىر ("one"), the resulting بىرەيلەن carries the meaning of "someone", and may be used interchangeably with such expressions as بىرى, بىرسى, بىر كىشى, and بىر ئادەم.

 
Someone called you.
 
.بىرەيلەن سىزگە تېلېفون قىلدى
.بىرسى سىزگە تېلېفون قىلدى
.بىرى سىزگە تېلېفون قىلدى

 
If someone tells you to get lost, what will you do?
 
بىرى ساڭا يوقال دېسە، قانداق قىلارسەن؟
بىرەيلەن ساڭا يوقال دېسە، قانداق قىلارسەن؟
بىرسى ساڭا يوقال دېسە، قانداق قىلارسەن؟


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2013. (p. 476)
  3. Nabijan Tursun, "Uyghur Reader". Dunwoody Press: Hyattsville, 2009. (p. 72)
  4. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 69)
  5. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 90-91)
  6. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 38-39, 140-141)
  7. Reinhard F. Hahn, Ablahat Ibrahim, "Spoken Uyghur". University of Washington Press: Seattle, 1991. (p. 176)
  8. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 95)
  9. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 89-90)
  10. А. Кайдаров, "Краткий грамматический очерк уйгурского языка". 1966. (p. 15)
  11. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 78)