Expressing Fractions in Uyghur

ئۇيغۇرچە كەسىر سان بىلدۈرۈش

Fractions in Uyghur are expressed with the aid of the ablative case suffixes دىن|تىن, with the fraction formed by first giving the denominator number in the ablative case, followed by the numerator number in its basic (cardinal) form. In writing, these can be expressed in numerals or in words, depending on the need/context.

three-fourths
تۆتتىن ئۈچ

For mixed fractions (consisting of a whole number and a proper fraction), one first states the whole number, followed by the word پۈتۈن ("whole"), followed by the proper fraction.

two and three-fifths
ئىككى پۈتۈن بەشتىن ئۈچ

When the fraction refers to a part of some object or group in particular, one first states that object or group with the genitive case suffix نىڭ and then follows with the fraction. A possessive suffix is attached to the fraction to indicate that it belongs to the object or group.

Only a third of the students came to class today.
.بۈگۈن دەرسكە پەقەت ئوقۇغۇچىلارنىڭ ئۈچتىن بىرى كەلدى


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2013. (p. 476)
  3. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 135)
  4. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 69-70)
  5. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 89)
  6. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 38, 136)
  7. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 95)
  8. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 143)
  9. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 75-76)
  10. ئارسلان ئابدۇللا تەھۇر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى"، شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2010 (p. 624)