Paj-Puj: Distributive Numbers

Distributive Numbers

تەقسىم سان

"Distributive numbers" are a category of number adverbs that are analogous to such English expressions as "two each" or "in fives" - i.e., they express how many of an object are distributed among different parties, or in what group sizes some object appears, acts, or is acted upon. In Uyghur, such distributions are expressed via the ablative case suffixes دىن|تىن.

With compound verbs consisting of a verb and a regular, countable object, one adds the دىن|تىن to the (cardinal) number denoting how many of the object are distributed by the verb per party. More generally, the resulting structures carry the meaning of "in groups of [number]".

We'll buy one car for each of you.
.ھەربىرىڭلارغا بىردىن ماشىنا ئالىمىز

Give two pens to each student.
.ئوقۇغۇچىلارغا ئىككىدىن قەلەم بېرىڭ


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2013. (p. 476)
  3. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 83)
  4. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 64)
  5. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 38, 137-138)
  6. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 95)
  7. 马德元 塔西普拉提 乌买尔, "大众维语(下)"。新疆大学出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 1997。 (p. 298)
  8. А. К. Боровков, "Учебник Уйгурского Языка". Ленинградский Восточный Институт: Ленинград, 1935. (p. 49)
  9. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 141)