Paj-Puj: The Particle <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >دە|تە</span> to Express Consecutive Actions

The Particle دە|تە to Express Consecutive Actions

ئارقا ـ ئارقىدىن يۈز بەرگەن ھەرىكەتنى بىلدۈرىدىغان «دە|تە» يۈكلىمىسى

The particle دە|تە may act as a conjunction between two past-tense phrases, in a role analogous to the English "as soon as...", to indicate that the action of the second phrase took place immediately after the action of the first phrase (this latter being in simple past). In this case, it is placed at the end of the verb in the first phrase, and essentially becomes interchangeable with the particle لا when used in the same manner, although this use of دە|تە is limited to the past tense with both actions executed by the same subject.

She entered college immediately after finishing high school.
 
.ئۇ ئوتتۇرا مەكتەپنى پۈتتۈردى ـ دە، داشۆگە كىرگەن
.ئۇ ئوتتۇرا مەكتەپنى پۈتتۈرۈپلا، داشۆگە كىرگەن

I went off into my room as soon as I entered the house.
 
.مەن ئۆيگە كىردىم ـ دە، ئۆزۈمنىڭ ياتاق ئۆيۈمگە كىرىپ كەتتىم
.مەن ئۆيگە كىرىپلا، ئۆزۈمنىڭ ياتاق ئۆيۈمگە كىرىپ كەتتىم

The teacher started class immediately after entering the classroom.
 
.ئوقۇتقۇچى سىنىپقا كىردى ـ دە، دەرسنى باشلىۋەتتى
.ئوقۇتقۇچى سىنىپقا كىرىپلا، دەرسنى باشلىۋەتتى


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 78)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 209)
  4. 阿孜古丽·阿布力米提, "维吾尔语基础教程"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 2006。 (p. 467)
  5. Д. Ж. Касымова, "Уйгурский язык: Самоучитель". Ғылым: Алматы, 2005. (p. 167)