Paj-Puj: The Particle <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >چۇ</span> in Emphasizing the Subject

The Particle چۇ in Emphasizing the Subject

سۇبيېكتنى تەكىتلەيدىغان «چۇ» يۈكلىمىسى

The particle چۇ may be attached to the subject of the sentence to place particular emphasis on the subject in a manner analogous to the English "as far as... is concerned". Typically, the subject together with چۇ are placed in the very beginning of the sentence, followed by the main phrase (as is usually done in the analogous English structure). Some sources report this usage as not being standard in Kashgar [4].

As for me, I won't be able to attend today's meeting.
.مەنچۇ، بۈگۈنكى يىغىنغا قاتناشالمايمەن

As far as he goes, he's not a good doctor.
.ئۇچۇ، ياخشى دوختۇرلاردىن ئەمەس

This computer, eh? It broke a few days ago.
 
.بۇ كومپيۇتېرچۇ، بىرنەچچە كۈندىن ئىلگىرى بۇزۇلۇپ قالدى
.بۇ كومپيۇتېرچۇ، بىرقانچە كۈندىن ئىلگىرى بۇزۇلۇپ قالدى

To add further emphasis, one may add the verb قارىماق in the second-person imperative between the first and second parts of the sentence [1,5]. This is very much analogous to adding similar emphasis with the command "look..." or "well, look..." in English, but will generally translate differently depending on the particular sentence.

We invited him and, lo and behold, he didn't come.
.ئۇنى تەكلىپ قىلساقچۇ، قاراڭ، ئۇ كەلمىدى

Look, it's very easy to fall down now if you're not careful.
.سەن دىققەت قىلمىساڭچۇ، قارا، ھازىر ئاسانلا يىقىلىپ كېتىسەن


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 21)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 207-208)
  4. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 489)
  5. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 147)
  6. خامىت تۆمۈر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى گرامماتىكىسى"، مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011 (p. 422-423)