Paj-Puj: The Particles <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >ئا،ئە</span> to Weaken Commands/Requests

The Particles ئا،ئە to Weaken Commands/Requests

بۇيرۇق ياكى تەلەپنى ئاجىزلىتىدىغان «ئا،ئە» يۈكلىمىلىرى

The particles ئا،ئە may be attached to the second-person imperative forms to create a request or a command that is weaker than that achieved with the standard imperative. Oddly enough, the choice of particle form does not seem to depend on vowel harmony rules but is more regional in nature [1,4]. Stretching the particle slightly generally results in a request (entreaty), while keeping it short results in a command/order [1,8].

Come on, let's go to the market together.
.ماقۇل دېگىنە، بىرلىكتە بازارغا بارايلى

Teacher, could you please repeat that? I couldn't understand.
.مۇئەللىم، يەنە بىر دەپ بېرىڭە، مەن چۈشىنەلمىدىم

Come on, hurry up. You'll miss the bus.
.تېز بولغىنا، ئاپتوبۇسقا كېچىكىسەن

Just look at you - unable to do such a simple thing.
.قاراڭە سىزنى، مۇشۇنداق ئاددىي ئىشنى قىلالماپسىز

Sorry, you look busy. I won't bother you.
.كەچۈرگىنە، سەن ئالدىراش ئوخشايسەن، ساڭا دەخلى قىلماي

Now that you've struck it rich, be on your guard, eh? It's possible that there'll be more people who'll want to cook your goose.
.سەن بېيىپ كەتكەندىن كېيىن دىققەت قىلە ئەمدى، ئېشىڭغا توپا سالغۇسى بار ئادەم جىقراق بولۇشى مۇمكىن


  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 64)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 207)
  4. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 505-506)
  5. Reinhard F. Hahn, Ablahat Ibrahim, "Spoken Uyghur". University of Washington Press: Seattle, 1991. (p. 212, 290)
  6. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 115, 126)
  7. 吾买尔·阿皮孜, "基础维吾尔语"。新疆教育出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2008。 (p. 115)
  8. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 149-150)
  9. Д. Ж. Касымова, "Уйгурский язык: Самоучитель". Ғылым: Алматы, 2005. (p. 51)
  10. خامىت تۆمۈر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى گرامماتىكىسى"، مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011 (p. 437)
  11. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 103, 104, 121)
  12. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Intermediate Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2016. (p. 129)