Paj-Puj: The Particle <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >ھە|ئە</span> in Rude Commands

The Particle ھە|ئە in Rude Commands

قوپاللىق بۇيرۇقتىكى «ھە|ئە» يۈكلىمىسى

The particle ھە|ئە may be added to a second-person imperative command, usually in the beginning of the sentence, to add an aspect of rudeness. When the imperative verb ends in a vowel, ھە with a hyphen in front is attached to the verb. In the case when the verb ends in a consonant, the ئە version is added directly to the verb.

Well, ask!
!سورا ـ ھە

Hey, listen!
!ئاڭلا ـ ھە

Just wait!
!ساقلا ـ ھە

Wait a bit, okay?!
!تۇرۇپ تۇرە


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 215)
  3. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 507)
  4. خامىت تۆمۈر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى گرامماتىكىسى"، مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011 (p. 439)