Paj-Puj: The Noun-to-Verb Derivation Suffix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >ا|ە</span>

The Noun-to-Verb Derivation Suffix ا|ە

ئىسىمدىن پېئىل ياسايدىغان «ا|ە» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffix ا|ە is not incredibly productive, but can still be tacked on to a decent number of nouns to make verbs that relate to that noun (abstractly speaking, the verbs carry the meaning of "bringing [the noun] into existence"). Because this suffix is only a single letter, you are unlikely to notice its presence on most occasions, but it still helps to be aware of it as it can save you some vocabulary learning effort. In most cases, this suffix is added to monosyllabic words ending in consonants, with no vowel changes taking place.

name + [to bring about] = to name
ئات + ا = ئاتا ـ

tongue/language + [to bring about] = to wish, to beg
تىل + ە = تىلە ـ

number + [to bring about] = to count
سان + ا = سانا ـ

strength + [to bring about] = to strive, to commit one's strength
كۈچ + ە = كۈچە ـ

age, years (of life) + [to bring about] = to live
ياش + ا = ياشا ـ

weeds + [to bring about] = to weed out (weeds from crops)
ئوت + ا = ئوتا ـ

blood + [to bring about] = to bleed
قان + ا = قانا ـ

night + [to bring about] = to spend the night (sleeping or not)
تۈن + ە = تۈنە ـ

A somewhat special derivation is that of the verbs ئوينىماق ("to play") and ئورنىماق ("to be situated") from the nouns ئويۇن ("game") and ئورۇن ("place, location"), as the ۇ gets dropped in the process.

place, location + [to bring about] = to be situated, to be placed
ئورۇن + ا = ئورنا ـ

game + [to bring about] = to play
ئويۇن + ا = ئوينا ـ

A group of children is playing downstairs.
 
.بىر توپ بالىلار پەستە ئويناۋاتىدۇ
.بىر توپ بالا پەستە ئويناۋاتىدۇ

Even when joking, don't talk without thinking.
.ئويناپ سۆزلىسەڭمۇ ئويلاپ سۆزلە

 
Being good at basketball, he was recently chosen to be on the national team.
 
.ئۇ ۋاسكېتبولنى ياخشى ئوينايدىغانلىقى سەۋەبلىك يېقىندا دۆلەتلىك كوماندىغا تاللاندى
.ئۇ ۋاسكېتبولنى ياخشى ئوينايدىغانلىقى تۈپەيلىدىن يېقىندا دۆلەتلىك كوماندىغا تاللاندى
.ئۇ ۋاسكېتبولنى ياخشى ئوينايدىغانلىقى سەۋەبلىكتىن يېقىندا دۆلەتلىك كوماندىغا تاللاندى


See also: 4.12.7


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 54)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 29)
  4. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 231)
  5. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 128)
  6. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 337)
  7. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 49-50)