Paj-Puj: The Adjective-to-Verb Derivation Suffix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >دا|دە</span>

The Adjective-to-Verb Derivation Suffix دا|دە

سۈپەتتىن پېئىل ياسايدىغان «دا|دە» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffix دا|دە is closely related to the suffix لا|لە, and plays a similar derivational role (some texts report the two as being variants of one another). This includes deriving verbs from adjectives, although دا|دە is nowhere as productive as لا|لە is.

firm + [verb] = to make firm
چىڭ + دا = چىڭدا ـ

The vowel-reduction rules follow the standard pattern, with adjectives that end in ئا or ئە having these vowels reduce to an ئى after the addition of the دا|دە.

black + [verb] = to turn black
قارا + دا = قارىدا ـ

No reduction takes place when the final ئا or ئە is a long vowel, or for other vowels.


See also: 4.11.2, 4.12.1


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 29)
  3. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 131)
  4. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 336)
  5. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 50)