Paj-Puj: The Adjective-to-Verb Derivation Suffix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >لاش|لەش</span>

The Adjective-to-Verb Derivation Suffix لاش|لەش

سۈپەتتىن پېئىل ياسايدىغان «لاش|لەش» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffix لاش|لەش is very productive when it comes to making verbs from nouns, but can also be added to a good number of adjectives as well, resulting in verbs related to the adjective in question. Often, these verbs carry the meaning of "to become [that adjective]".

suitable, appropriate + [verb] = to suit, to be appropriate
ماس + لاش = ماسلاش ـ

heavy, serious + [verb] = to become heavy, to become serious
ئېغىر + لاش = ئېغىرلاش ـ

tense + [verb] = to become tense
جىددىي + لەش = جىددىيلەش ـ

settled + [verb] = to settle down
ئولتۇراق + لاش = ئولتۇراقلاش ـ

distant + [verb] = to become distant
يىراق + لاش = يىراقلاش ـ

real + [verb] = to be realized
ئەمەلىي + لەش = ئەمەلىيلەش ـ

intense + [verb] = to intensify
كەسكىن + لەش = كەسكىنلەش ـ

perfect + [verb] = to be perfected
مۇكەممەل + لەش = مۇكەممەللەش ـ

Our mutual hatred gradually weakened with the passing of the years.
.يىللارنىڭ ئۆتۈشى بىلەن ئارىمىزدىكى ئاداۋەت ئاستا ـ ئاستا سۇسلاشتى

After experiencing a flooding disaster, he became scared of water and now can't even approach the seaside.
.كەلكۈن ئاپىتىنى باشتىن كەچۈرگەندىن كېيىن، ئۇ سۇدىن قورقىدىغان بولۇپ دېڭىز بويىغىمۇ يېقىنلىشالمايدۇ

The vowel-reduction rules follow the standard pattern, with adjectives that end in ئا or ئە having these vowels reduce to an ئى after the addition of the لاش|لەش.

No reduction takes place when the final ئا or ئە is a long vowel, or for other vowels.

wrong, incorrect + [verb] = to make a mistake
خاتا + لاش = خاتالاش ـ

modern + [verb] = to be modernized, to become modern
زامانىۋى + لاش = زامانىۋىلاش ـ

opposite + [verb] = to oppose
قارشى + لاش = قارشىلاش ـ


See also: 4.11.4, 4.14.2, 4.16.2, 4.18.1


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 30)
  3. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 230)
  4. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 133)
  5. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 336)
  6. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 51)