Paj-Puj: The Adjective-to-Verb Derivation Suffix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >ا|ە</span>

The Adjective-to-Verb Derivation Suffix ا|ە

سۈپەتتىن پېئىل ياسايدىغان «ا|ە» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

In addition to deriving verbs from a handful of nouns, the suffix ا|ە can also be attached to certain adjectives to form verbs that are related to the adjective (and that carry the meaning of "becoming/making [that adjective]"). Most commonly, this derivation is done with monosyllable adjectives ending in a consonant.

absent, nonexisting + [to become] = to disappear
يوق + ا = يوقا ـ

straight, upright + [to make] = to straighten out, to tidy up, to fix
تۈز + ە = تۈزە ـ

empty, vacant + [to become] = to become vacant, to become empty
بوش + ا = بوشا ـ

If someone tells you to get lost, what will you do?
بىرى ساڭا يوقال دېسە، قانداق قىلارسەن؟
بىرەيلەن ساڭا يوقال دېسە، قانداق قىلارسەن؟
بىرسى ساڭا يوقال دېسە، قانداق قىلارسەن؟

A less common derivation takes place with the disyllable adjective يوغان, where the second vowel reduces to an ى.

big + [to become] = to grow
يوغان + ا = يوغىنا ـ

See also: 4.11.6


  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 54)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 29)
  4. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 231)
  5. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 128)
  6. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 337)
  7. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 50)