The Adverb-to-Verb Derivation Suffix لا|لە

رەۋىشتىن پېئىل ياسايدىغان «لا|لە» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffix لا|لە may be added to certain adverbs to create verbs that are related in meaning.

The vowel-reduction rules follow the standard pattern, with adverbs that end in ئا or ئە having these vowels reduce to an ئى after the addition of the لا|لە.

slowly + [verb] = to slow down
ئاستا + لا = ئاستىلا ـ

again + [verb] = to repeat
قايتا + لا = قايتىلا ـ

No reduction takes place when the final ئا or ئە is a long vowel, or for other vowels.

forward + [verb] = to advance
ئىلگىرى + لە = ئىلگىرىلە ـ


See also: 4.11.1, 4.12.1, 4.13.1, 4.14.1, 4.16.1, 4.17.1


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 334-335)
  3. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 52)
  4. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Intermediate Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2016. (p. 219)