Paj-Puj: The Number-to-Noun Derivation Suffix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >لىق|لىك|لۇق|لۈك</span>

The Number-to-Noun Derivation Suffix لىق|لىك|لۇق|لۈك

سانلاردىن ئىسىم ياسايدىغان «لىق|لىك|لۇق|لۈك» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffix لىق|لىك|لۇق|لۈك is arguably the most productive derivation suffix in Uyghur, and can be attached to a vast number of words to make new words with a related meaning. This extends to numbers, as well. When adding the لىك variant to ordinal numbers (e.g., "first", "second"), the resulting noun is a rank ("first place", "second place").

first + [rank] = first place
بىرىنچى + لىك = بىرىنچىلىك

I believe that you'll definitely be able to get first place.
.مەن ئىشىنىمەنكى، سىز چوقۇم بىرىنچىلىككە ئېرىشەلەيسىز

When added to some cardinal numbers, the suffix لىق|لىك|لۇق|لۈك may form a noun that is somehow - perhaps very abstractly - related to that number.

one + [noun] = unity
بىر + لىك = بىرلىك

three + [noun] = a triple
ئۈچ + لۈك = ئۈچلۈك

five + [noun] = a five-line poem
بەش + لىك = بەشلىك

Come on, let's go to the market together.
.ماقۇل دېگىنە، بىرلىكتە بازارغا بارايلى

The students and teachers came together for a discussion.
.ئوقۇغۇچىلار ئوقۇتقۇچىلار بىلەن بىرلىكتە مۇزاكىرە قىلدى


See also: 4.3.3, 4.7.4, 4.10.2, 4.20.1, 4.21.1, 4.22.1, 4.23.1, 4.24.1


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 35)
  3. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 98-99)
  4. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 89, 95)
  5. А. Кайдаров, "Краткий грамматический очерк уйгурского языка". 1966. (p. 9)