The Verb-to-Adjective Derivation Suffix غاق|گەك|قاق|كەك

پېئىلدىن سۈپەت ياسايدىغان «غاق|گەك|قاق|كەك» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

While not common enough to be classified as "productive", the suffix غاق|گەك|قاق|كەك when forming adjectives can nevertheless add to a large number of verbal stems. The resulting meaning is almost always along the lines of "inclined to [that verb], [doing that verb] often".

to fight + [inclined to] = belligerent
ئۇرۇش ـ + قاق = ئۇرۇشقاق

to feel cold + [inclined to] = afraid of the cold
توڭ ـ + غاق = توڭغاق

to urinate + [inclined to] = often wetting oneself
سىي ـ + گەك = سىيگەك

to kick + [inclined to] = "kicky", having a habit of kicking
تەپ ـ + كەك = تەپكەك

The vowel-reduction rules follow the standard pattern, with verbal stems that end in ئا or ئە having these vowels reduce to an ئى after the addition of the غاق|گەك|قاق|كەك.

to yell + [inclined to] = fond of yelling
چىرقىرا ـ + غاق = چىرقىرىغاق

No reduction takes place when the final ئا or ئە is a long vowel, or for other vowels.

to forget + [inclined to] = forgetful, absent-minded
ئۇنتۇ ـ + غاق = ئۇنتۇغاق

to grumble + [inclined to] = always grumbling
غودۇڭشى ـ + غاق = غودۇڭشىغاق

For some verbal stems ending in vowels, the vowel is dropped during the derivation.

to dry up + [inclined to] = dry, arid
قۇرۇ ـ + غاق = قۇرغاق

See also: 4.5.4


  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 122-123)
  3. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 88-89, 130)
  4. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 76-77)
  5. А. К. Боровков, "Учебник Уйгурского Языка". Ленинградский Восточный Институт: Ленинград, 1935. (p. 52-53)
  6. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary - Part II". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 171, 202, 211)
  7. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 71)