Paj-Puj: The Prefix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >بى</span>

The Prefix بى

بى» ئالدى قوشۇمچىسى»

The prefix بى is added to some nouns to create adjectives that express the absence of that noun. It may be seen as being analogous to the English suffix "-less".

lacking + means = helpless
بى + چارە = بىچارە

lacking + business = free/idle
بى + كار = بىكار

lacking + danger = safe
بى + خەتەر = بىخەتەر


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 168)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 32)
  4. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 28, 120-121)
  5. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 35, 67)
  6. خامىت تۆمۈر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى گرامماتىكىسى"، مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011 (p. 107)
  7. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary - Part II". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 193)