Paj-Puj: The Prefix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >نا</span>

The Prefix نا

نا» ئالدى قوشۇمچىسى»

The prefix نا is added to some nouns or adjectives to create adjectives that express the absence of that noun or the antonym of that adjective, respectively. It may be seen as being analogous to the English suffix "-less" or to the English prefixes "un-"/"in-"/"ab-".

not + correct = incorrect
نا + توغرا = ناتوغرا

not + fixed = uncertain
نا + تايىن = ناتايىن

not + known = unknown
نا + مەلۇم = نامەلۇم

lacking + hope = hopeless
نا + ئۈمىد = نائۈمىد


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 194)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 32)
  4. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 29, 121, 126)
  5. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 35)
  6. خامىت تۆمۈر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى گرامماتىكىسى"، مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011 (p. 107, 111)
  7. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary - Part II". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 193)