Paj-Puj: The Prefix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >ھەم</span>

The Prefix ھەم

ھەم» ئالدى قوشۇمچىسى»

The prefix ھەم is added to some nouns to create nouns that express people who are "sharers" of the original noun. This is similar to the English qualifier "fellow" (e.g., "fellow man", "fellow traveler", "fellow teacher"), and is also similar to the Uyghur suffix داش, although the latter is more productive and more easily recognized, while ھەم is only limited to a few words.

fellow in + business = colleague
ھەم + كار = ھەمكار

fellow in + bowl = fellow eater / dining partner
ھەم + تاۋاق = ھەمتاۋاق

fellow in + voyage = fellow traveler
ھەم + سەپەر = ھەمسەپەر


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 97)
  3. خامىت تۆمۈر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى گرامماتىكىسى"، مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011 (p. 86)