Paj-Puj: The Noun-to-Adjective Derivation Suffix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >غى|گى|قى|كى</span>

The Noun-to-Adjective Derivation Suffix غى|گى|قى|كى

ئىسىمدىن سۈپەت ياسايدىغان «غى|گى|قى|كى» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffixes غى|گى|قى|كى are attached to a very limited number of nouns denoting time or place to form adjectives relating to those times or places. There is no clear analogue to this in English, where whether the word is a noun or adjective is usually clear from the context (e.g., "the summer of last year" vs. "summer days", or "the interior of the house" vs. "interior design").

summer (noun) + [noun-to-adjective suffix] = summer (adjective)
ياز + غى = يازغى

autumn (noun) + [noun-to-adjective suffix] = autumn (adjective)
كۈز + گى = كۈزگى

exterior (noun) + [noun-to-adjective suffix] = external
 
سىرت + قى = سىرتقى
تاش + قى = تاشقى

evening (noun) + [noun-to-adjective suffix] = evening (adjective)
كەچ + كى = كەچكى

interior (noun) + [noun-to-adjective suffix] = interior (adjective)
ئىچ + كى = ئىچكى

Just what do you think you're doing inviting amateur singers to our club?!
!ئىشتىن سىرتقى ناخشىچىنى كۇلۇبىمىزغا تەكلىپ قىلغىنىڭىز نېمىسى؟


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 76)
  3. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 57)
  4. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 130)
  5. خالىق نىياز, "基础维吾尔语"。新疆大学出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2006。 (p. 510)
  6. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 75)
  7. А. Кайдаров, "Краткий грамматический очерк уйгурского языка". 1966. (p. 13)
  8. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 52)