The Verb-to-Noun Derivation Suffix غاق|گەك|قاق|كەك

پېئىلدىن ئىسىم ياسايدىغان «غاق|گەك|قاق|كەك» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffix غاق|گەك|قاق|كەك may be added to a very limited number of verbal stems to create nouns related to that verb.

to scrape + [noun] = edge, bank
قىر ـ + غاق = قىرغاق

to reap, harvest + [noun] = scythe
ئور ـ + غاق = ئورغاق

to sink (into) + [noun] = mud
پات ـ + قاق = پاتقاق

to itch + [noun] = scabies
قىچىش ـ + قاق = قىچىشقاق

to sting + [noun] = nettle
چاق ـ + قاق = چاققاق

to hang, to snag + [noun] = hook, hooking device
ئىل ـ + گەك = ئىلگەك

Verbal stems that end in a vowel and accept this suffix will sometimes drop the final vowel of the stem during the derivation (but not always).

to comb + [noun] = a comb
تارا ـ + غاق = تارغاق

to fly off, to scatter + [noun] = willow catkin
توزۇ ـ + غاق = توزغاق

to stab, to pierce + [noun] = fishing spear
سانجى ـ + غاق = سانجىغاق


See also: 4.21.5


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 179)
  3. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 104)
  4. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 88-89)
  5. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 62)