The Verb-to-Noun Derivation Suffix غۇچ|گۈچ|قۇچ|كۈچ

پېئىلدىن ئىسىم ياسايدىغان «غۇچ|گۈچ|قۇچ|كۈچ» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

Though not too productive, the suffix غۇچ|گۈچ|قۇچ|كۈچ can still be added to a good amount of verbs to create nouns (usually tools or instruments) related to that verb.

to open + [tool] = key
ئاچ ـ + قۇچ = ئاچقۇچ

to tread, to go + [tool] = a step
باس ـ + قۇچ = باسقۇچ

to show + [tool] = indicator, pointer
كۆرسەت ـ + كۈچ = كۆرسەتكۈچ

to pass, to conduct + [tool] = conductor
ئۆتكۈز ـ + گۈچ = ئۆتكۈزگۈچ

to squeeze, to press + [tool] = a clip, a clamp
قىس ـ + قۇچ = قىسقۇچ

to draw + [tool] = ruler
سىز ـ + غۇچ = سىزغۇچ

The standard vowel-reduction rules apply when adding these suffixes - i.e., if the verb stem ends in an ئا or ئە vowel, this reduces to an ئى (provided that it is not a long vowel).

to rotate, to spin + [tool] = propeller, rotor
پىرقىرا ـ + غۇچ = پىرقىرىغۇچ

to measure + [tool] = gauge, measuring device
ئۆلچە ـ + گۈچ = ئۆلچىگۈچ

With verb stems ending in vowels other than ئا and ئە, or in the long-vowel ئا and ئە, no change in the vowel takes place.

to fan + [tool] = hand fan
يەلپۈ ـ + گۈچ = يەلپۈگۈچ

to wash + [tool] = rag for washing dishes
يۇ ـ + غۇچ = يۇغۇچ


See also: 4.21.6


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 194)
  3. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 101)
  4. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 131)
  5. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 58)
  6. А. Кайдаров, "Краткий грамматический очерк уйгурского языка". 1966. (p. 9)
  7. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 48)