The Verb-to-Noun Derivation Suffix غا|گە|قا|كە

پېئىلدىن ئىسىم ياسايدىغان «غا|گە|قا|كە» ئارقا قوشۇمچىسى

The suffix غا|گە|قا|كە, not to be confused with the dative case, can be added to a small number of verbal stems to form nouns related to that verb (often tools/equipment). Note that harmony rules are sometimes broken (e.g., كۈلكە instead of كۈلگە).

to sweep + [noun] = broom
سۈپۈر ـ + گە = سۈپۈرگە

to laugh, to smile + [noun] = laughter, a smile
كۈل ـ + كە = كۈلكە

to place, to load + [noun] = catapult
سال ـ + غا = سالغا

to grab, to take hold + [noun] = a handle
تۇت ـ + قا = تۇتقا

For better or worse, modern Uyghur also contains plenty of other nouns that end in غا|گە|قا|كە but are not actually derived from verbs via this suffix (e.g., ئۈلگە, يىغا, يەرمەنكە).


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 99-100)
  3. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 129)
  4. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 59)
  5. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 47)