Paj-Puj: The Accusative Case Suffix <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >نى</span>

The Accusative Case Suffix نى

چۈشۈم كېلىشنىڭ «نى» قوشۇمچىسى

Uyghur is a "subject-object-verb" language, while English is a "subject-verb-object" language. What this essentially means is that basic subject-verb-object structures, such as "I [subject] ate [verb] the apple [object]" or "She [subject] loves [verb] me [object]", need to be expressed with different ordering in Uyghur (i.e., as "I the apple ate" or "She me loves"). The object in such sentences is called a "direct object" as it is acted on directly by the subject through the verb. In Uyghur, it is often required that the direct object is identified by the addition of the suffix نى (in linguistic terms, this is called the "accusative case").

I ate the apple.
.مەن ئالمىنى يېدىم

She loves me.
.ئۇ مېنى ياخشى كۆرىدۇ


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2013. (p. 111, 113, 477)
  3. Renee D. Gaines, "Beginning Uyghur for English Speakers". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2010. (p. 59)
  4. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 63, 68)
  5. Nabijan Tursun, "Uyghur Reader". Dunwoody Press: Hyattsville, 2009. (p. xvi)
  6. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 41)
  7. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 45)
  8. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 9, 63, 234)
  9. Reinhard F. Hahn, Ablahat Ibrahim, "Spoken Uyghur". University of Washington Press: Seattle, 1991. (p. 107, 108, 590)
  10. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 76-77, 146-147)
  11. Robert Shaw, "A Sketch of the Turki Language as Spoken in Eastern Turkistan (Kashghar and Yarkand)". Baptist Mission Press: Calcutta, 1878. (p. 3)
  12. 易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998。 (p. 34-35)
  13. Д. Ж. Касымова, "Уйгурский язык: Самоучитель". Ғылым: Алматы, 2005. (p. 78)
  14. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 123)
  15. 米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997。 (p. 60, 64-65, 126)