Paj-Puj: Usage of <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >نى</span>: With Names

Usage of نى: With Names

نى» قوشۇمچىسىنىڭ ئىشلىتىش ئۇسۇلى: نام بىلەن»

Names of specific people (e.g., "Alim", "John") and proper names in general (e.g., "Eiffel Tower", "Tarim River") take the accusative when acting as direct objects - they are concrete, particular things and thus definite (i.e., there is no "an Eiffel Tower" or "a John" outside of very particular - perhaps literary or witty - contexts). Compare the following:

I'm looking for a policeman.
.مەن بىر ساقچى ئىزدەۋاتىمەن

I'm looking for Alim.
.مەن ئالىمنى ئىزدەۋاتىمەن

In the first sentence, the speaker is looking for *a* policeman, which may be any policeman and is thus indefinite (note, though, that some contexts would call for the نى here, if the speaker had a specific policeman in mind). In the second sentence, the speaker is looking for Alim (presumably someone the speaker knows), and so the نى is needed since "Alim" is definite.

Consider the following additional examples:

Everyone respects Erkin.
.ئەركىننى ھەممە ئادەم ھۆرمەتلەيدۇ

I happened to see Tursun at the market.
.مەن بازاردا تۇرسۇننى كۆرۈپ قالدىم

I've never seen the Eiffel Tower of Paris.
.مەن پارىژدىكى ئېففىل تۆمۈر مۇنارىنى كۆرۈپ باقمىغان

I really respect Tursun. First, he's kind. Second, he's open-minded. Third, he's very hardworking. Fourth, he finds happiness in helping others.
.مەن تۇرسۇننى بەك ھۆرمەتلەيمەن. بىرىنچىدىن، ئۇنىڭ مىجەزى مۇلايىم. ئىككىنچىدىن، پىكرى ئوچۇق. ئۈچىنچىدىن، ئۇ بەك تىرىشچان. تۆتىنچىدىن، ئۇ باشقىلارغا ياردەم قىلىشنى خۇشاللىق دەپ بىلىدۇ


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Renee D. Gaines, "Beginning Uyghur for English Speakers". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2010. (p. 59)
  3. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 70)
  4. Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007. (p. 41)
  5. Д. Ж. Касымова, "Уйгурский язык: Самоучитель". Ғылым: Алматы, 2005. (p. 78)
  6. А. К. Боровков, "Учебник Уйгурского Языка". Ленинградский Восточный Институт: Ленинград, 1935. (p. 44)