Paj-Puj: Usage of <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >نى</span>: With Participles

Usage of نى: With Participles

نى» قوشۇمچىسىنىڭ ئىشلىتىش ئۇسۇلى: سۈپەتداش بىلەن»

In the majority of cases, nouns modified by perfect/imperfect/continuous participles (e.g., "the book that has been read", "the bus that is going to arrive", or "the plane taking off") will require the accusative نى when used as a direct object, with the suffix placed on the noun modified. This should not be surprising, since such participle modifiers tend to make the object very specific, and thus definite.

How could I possibly forget about the task that you've entrusted to me?
سىز ماڭا تاپشۇرغان ۋەزىپىنى قانداقمۇ ئۇنتۇپ قالاي؟

We must also preserve the customs that have been preserved by our forefathers from generation to generation.
.ئەجدادتىن ئەۋلادقىچە ساقلاپ كېلىدىغان ئۆرپ ـ ئادەتلەرنى بىزمۇ ساقلىشىمىز زۆرۈر

She visits those who have fallen ill.
 
.ئۇ ئاغرىپ قالغانلارنى يوقلايدۇ
.ئۇ ئاغرىپ قالغان ئادەملەرنى يوقلايدۇ

However, participles, like adjectives in general, can also be vague in nature and can thus modify nouns in an indefinite manner (thus requiring that the نى NOT be added). Compare the following two (fairy-tale themed) sentences:

That boy looks after flying horses.
.ئۇ بالا ئۇچار ئات باقىدۇ

That boy looks after the flying horse.
.ئۇ بالا ئۇچار ئاتنى باقىدۇ

In the first sentence, the horses that the boy looks after are not definite - thus leading the reader to assume that we are probably dealing with a context or a world where there are many flying horses and (likely) many boys charged with the task of looking after them. The second sentence uses the accusative نى and makes the horse(s) definite, suggesting that there is probably only one such horse in existence, that it is special and unique, and the boy is the one tasked with looking after it.


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Renee D. Gaines, "Beginning Uyghur for English Speakers". Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2010. (p. 60)
  3. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 71)
  4. Д. Ж. Касымова, "Уйгурский язык: Самоучитель". Ғылым: Алматы, 2005. (p. 78)