Paj-Puj: Dropping the <span style="font-family:sans-serif;" >نىڭ</span> in Compound Nouns

Dropping the نىڭ in Compound Nouns

بىرىككەن ئىسىملاردا «نىڭ»نىڭ چۈشۈپ قېلىشى

As in English, there exist general compound nouns in the Uyghur language where the first noun owns or modifies the second, sometimes in an abstract manner. Together, these two nouns then form a compound noun where the second must take the third-person possessive suffix while the first one does not take the genitive نىڭ the same way it would not take the genitive "'s" in English. In the majority of constructions, compound nouns are made up of two nouns, but examples with more than two also exist.

bus window(s)
ئاپتوبۇس دېرىزىسى

window curtain(s)
دېرىزە پەردىسى

store sign
دۇكان ۋىۋىسكىسى

Note that using the genitive نىڭ in this case would usually result in a different meaning where the first noun is made specific and where it is more proper to treat the two nouns as separate (rather than compound).

the bus's window(s)
ئاپتوبۇسنىڭ دېرىزىسى

the window's curtain(s)
دېرىزىنىڭ پەردىسى

the store's sign
دۇكاننىڭ ۋىۋىسكىسى


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook". Georgetown University Press: 2013. (p. 192)
  3. Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur". University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009. (p. 118)
  4. Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur". Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007. (p. 42)
  5. Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee). Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003. (p. 54, 60-61)
  6. Reinhard F. Hahn, Ablahat Ibrahim, "Spoken Uyghur". University of Washington Press: Seattle, 1991. (p. 134, 137-138)
  7. E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur". Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971. (p. 142)
  8. 阿孜古丽·阿布力米提, "维吾尔语基础教程"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 2006。 (p. 151)
  9. Д. Ж. Касымова, "Уйгурский язык: Самоучитель". Ғылым: Алматы, 2005. (p. 99-100)
  10. G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary". Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912. (p. 125)