Letter Forms: Breaking Consonants

ھەرپ شەكلى: بۇزغۇچى بولغان ئۈزۈك تاۋۇش

To determine what form the breaking consonants د، ر، ز، ژ، ۋ take, it is sufficient to consider only the fundamental yes/no question: "does the letter start a string?" If it is the first letter in the word or if the previous letter is a breaking letter, then the answer will be "yes" and the isolated/independent form will be used. Otherwise, the letter will be connected to the letter before it. Note that a string of just one letter is still considered a string, and that all breaking letters that start a string must, by definition, "start" a string of only a single letter.

Starts StringDoes Not Start String
د ـد
(دەرد، ئاداش) (بولىدۇ، بەند)
ر ـر
(رەت، تورت، بار) (بىرلىك، ھازىر)
ز ـز
(زات، ئەرزان، ئاز) (ئىزدەش، پاكىز)
ژ ـژ
(ژۇرنال، پۇرژىنا، پاژ) (مىژىلدىماق، گىژ)
ۋ ـۋ
(ۋاي، توۋا، بىراۋ) (چىقىۋاتىدۇ، چىۋ)

The letter ژ remains somewhat foreign to Uyghur, and so you are not likely to encounter it very often. Quite rare as well are words ending in ۋ (unless they are of Chinese origin).


  1. Personal research/experience
  2. 阿孜古丽·阿布力米提, "维吾尔语基础教程"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 2006。 (p. 20-21, 54-55, 63, 76-77, 85-86, 89)