Letter Forms: Non-breaking Vowels

ھەرپ شەكلى: بۇزغۇچى بولمىغان سوزۇق تاۋۇش

The vowels ئې، ئى are the most complex when it comes to different letter forms. Not only do they have the fundamental condition ("does this letter start a string?"), but also - by virtue of being non-breaking - the condition "does this letter end the word?" AND - by virtue of being vowels - the condition "does this letter start a syllable?" As such, they possess a total of eight (2 ✕ 2 ✕ 2) different forms.

Starts StringDoes Not Start String
Ends WordDoes Not End WordEnds WordDoes Not End Word
Starts SyllableNot Start SyllableStarts SyllableNot Start SyllableStarts SyllableNot Start SyllableStarts SyllableNot Start Syllable
ئې ې ئېـ ېـ ـئې ـې ـئېـ ـېـ
(x) (بۇمازې، گوئۇردې) (ئېلان، دۇئېل) (كرېسلو، دېلو) (x) (رېلې، برونې) (سېرىقئېشەك) (نېمە، يېمەك)
ئى ى ئىـ ىـ ـئى ـى ـئىـ ـىـ
(شەرئى) (سۆزى، بولدى) (ئىت، خائىن) (دىققەت، زىيان) (شەيئى، مەنئى) (سىلى، يېڭى) (پېئىل، قەتئىي) (كىم، سىز)

The end-of-word syllable-starter forms ئې، ئى، ـئې، ـئى are quite rarely encountered, with virtually no standard words using ئې، ـئې (though it may be possible that some foreign names would). Again, knowing the pronunciation of the word can be crucial to writing it properly - e.g., مەنئى being pronounced "men-i" and not "me-ni".


References

  1. Personal research/experience
  2. 阿孜古丽·阿布力米提, "维吾尔语基础教程"。中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 2006。 (p. 17-18)