Review of Uyghur Language Materials

While working on my own Uyghur book, I've collected a somewhat large number of Uyghur language materials ("large" in the relative sense, Uyghur language materials being notoriously scarce). As some of these may be very difficult, if not impossible, to obtain for someone living outside of Xinjiang (or even for those inside Xinjiang), I've decided to post as many of these up here as possible (in the legal sense) and to provide seller links to the rest. Additionally, I've also given my two cents on each of these based on my personal impressions, either from having read the work in detail or from having glanced through it quickly.

If you are the author of one of these books and believe that I have unlawfully posted your work, then please let me know and I will take it down. If there are additional Uyghur language materials that you think I should post/review (and I know there are), then please don't hesitate to contact me either.

If you are interested in a general overview of ways to study this language, then you might find useful the article that I wrote for Far West China. Another very useful review may be found here. I also recommend giving Elise Anderson's website a look.

Materials in...



-------------- In English --------------



Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Intermediate Textbook"

Georgetown University Press: 2016

The follow-up to the beginners' textbook just below, with all of the same pros and cons. One element that did bother me however were the cultural-note boxes, several of which came off as having a pro-Uyghur flavor that I found too political for a language book.

Gulnisa Nazarova, Kurban Niyaz, "Uyghur: An Elementary Textbook"

Georgetown University Press: 2013

Lo and behold this wonderful book. I'm going to get the bad out of the way right now and say that this is a bit pricy. However, if you pay, you will be paying for quality, as the book is quite large and extremely well put together. It is probably not an overstatement to say that a good quarter of the content is pictures (nice color pictures that may or may not contribute to its price :-), but as a pure beginner's textbook this is close to peerless and truly gets you into that Uyghur mood. It is worth noting that the book is largely meant for use in a classroom setting with an instructor (whence, again, the pictures), and its value may not be quite the same if you are planning to study purely on your own (in this case, the book from Kansas - see below - may be a better alternative). A good in-depth review may also be found here.

Renee D. Gaines, "Beginning Uyghur for English Speakers"

Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2010

Of the commercial Uyghur books intended for language learners (and not linguists), this is probably the most inexpensive, and is very beginner-friendly. Instead of simply giving the reader the information, the author makes a serious attempt to provide the reader with a text that truly tries to teach, with an additional feature that the book can be given to an Uyghur teacher as teaching material (there are even practice exams in the back). While it does not go into advanced grammatical concepts, it is still an excellent first step for English speakers who want to get into this language before going on to the more heavy materials. The cultural notes are also a very nice feature.

Tarjei Engesæth, Mahire Yakup, Arienne M. Dwyer, "Greetings from the Teklimakan: a handbook of Modern Uyghur"

University of Kansas: Kansas, 2009

Many good things to say about this book, but I'll be brief. First and foremost: it's FREE (major kudos to the authors). Second, it covers a number of crucial concepts rigorously but in a way that is well suited for beginner learners (ignoring the few linguistic asides). Certain grammar points are explored in remarkable detail. The level slowly makes its way up to intermediate towards the end of the book but stops there, so learners interested in going farther are again advised to consult the heavy references (i.e., Tömür's - see below). There is a second volume of this work that covers more advanced points, but is currently unfinished and unreleased.

Nabijan Tursun, "Uyghur Reader"

Dunwoody Press: Hyattsville, 2009

In a word: neat. Following a very brief grammatical overview, this beautifully bound book provides the reader with 45 reading selections from a number of natural sources, which are, as the author puts it, intended to take the learner from an intermediate level to something higher. Each selection is also annotated with a number of remarks regarding grammar, language, and culture. While it will not teach you Uyghur from scratch, it is certainly much recommended if you are at the intermediate level and would like some good structured practice. The one unfortunate point is the presence of numerous typographical errors in the Uyghur script throughout the book, but this takes away more from the book's beauty than it does from its value.

Hamit A. Zakir, "Introduction to Modern Uighur"

Xinjiang University Press: Urumqi, 2007

A good introduction to Uyghur for English speakers. Does not delve into the more difficult grammatical aspects, but does cover all of the essentials. Highly recommended for English speakers just starting to learn Uyghur. Also includes a few nice excerpts/adaptations from actual Uyghur literature/media. A number of blatant English spelling errors and ungrammatical English translations do take away from an otherwise useful book slightly. The way that some of the technical terms are used (notably, "objective" and "hearsay") is open to debate, but this again is not a major drawback. Audio recordings for the book may also be downloaded here (many thanks to Darren Byler for getting me these).

David K. Parshall, "The First Step in Uygur"

In Step Books Publishing: Hong Kong, 1993

A very nice little book if you're just starting to study the language, focusing only on the raw essentials and not going much into grammar. As a "first step" that it intends to be, I believe that it succeeds and is worth a look. It also comes with audio, which can be downloaded here.

Reinhard F. Hahn, Ablahat Ibrahim, "Spoken Uyghur"

University of Washington Press: Seattle, 1991

When I first put up this site, I wrote a generally negative review for this book, saying that it was a very good resource for a linguist, but not really recommended for a learner as it was too dense. I also said that it had a misleading title, because it did not really focus on teaching the reader how to speak Uyghur. After rereading it in more detail and at a more advanced level, I have to rescind some of my previous comments. Firstly, I do believe that for a learner this book *is* too dense and as such I would not recommend it. As a linguist, Hahn is obviously very, very good, but this works against him in that he does not really spare the potential layman reading his book. The 15 dialogues in Part II of the book may be useful to learners, however. Now, if you are a linguist or if your Uyghur is at an advanced level, then you may find this book extremely useful, as it is very comprehensive and even treats points too obscure for many other texts. While some of the notes may be slightly out-of-date due to the book being 20+ years old, I generally found Hahn's analysis and remarks to be quite correct and consistent with my other readings and personal experiences. Moreover, the title is *not* misleading, as Hahn really does treat spoken/written differences in quite a lot of detail (notably in the first portion of the book). In short, I give this book a lukewarm recommendation if you're a beginner or intermediate learner, but recommend it very highly if you're a linguist or if your level is advanced.



Christian Gabre and Renee Gaines, "Uyghur Grammar Made Simple"

Pathways Publishing: 2017

Another one I still need to look at.

Renee Gaines, "Uyghur Grammar"

Amazon Kindle: 2017

Have not looked at this one yet, but will write up a review as soon as I do.

Michelle Bridges, "Auxiliary Verbs in Uyghur"

University of Kansas: Kansas, 2008

A master's thesis dealing specifically with Uyghur auxiliary verbs. If you're just a learner of the language, I would recommend skipping on this one unless you're at an intermediate or advanced level and would like another refresher on auxiliary verbs, in which case Section 2 may be of benefit. The rest of the thesis is really material for people with linguistic backgrounds and may be difficult to follow otherwise, although there are some interesting points/theories put forth about some auxiliary verbs being "light verbs" (which rang a bit true with me) and about multi-auxiliary structures (which are an interesting concept still in need of research). The mention of auxiliary verbs appearing in causative forms is also interesting, as I don't recall having read about it in any of the other texts.

Frederick De Jong, "A Grammar of Modern Uyghur"

Houtsma Stichting: Utrecht, 2007

Quite a good book on the grammar of the language, and an excellent reference, though not as comprehensive as some of the heavier grammar texts. A companion conversation guide is also floating around somewhere, though I haven't looked at the latter. The only drawbacks are the hefty price and the fact that it's written strictly as a reference (i.e., beginner learners of the language are advised to look elsewhere).

Hämit Tömür, "Modern Uyghur Grammar" (translation by Anne Lee)

Yıldız: Istanbul, 2003

I would call this the "Bible of Uyghur grammar", as it is - in my opinion - the most professional and comprehensive grammatical treatment of the language to date. Probably not the best reference for beginners who want to learn the language and those without a linguistic background, however, as this is basically the English translation of the original Uyghur text intended purely for Uyghur linguists (and not foreigners learning the language). Still a priceless reference, however. I do have the Uyghur version for those interested (see below).

Ablahat Ibrahim, "Meaning and Usage of Compound Verbs in Modern Uighur and Uzbek"

University of Washington: Seattle, 1995

A doctorate thesis on auxiliary verbs in both Uyghur and Uzbek. Though academic in nature, I believe this to be invaluable to those who want to figure out better how these tricky auxiliary structures work, as the author not only goes through all of the auxiliaries and gives their meanings, but explains the nuances of how similar verbs may differ slightly in meaning, and how this may be recognized. I didn't read Chapter 4, which talks about Uzbek verbs, but highly recommend Chapter 3, which is where the Uyghur auxiliaries and their meanings are detailed. I would skip Chapters 1, 2, and 5 if you're a learner and not a linguist.

E. N. Nadzhip, "Modern Uigur"

Nauka Publishing House: Moscow, 1971

This book is an important resource for those interested in a number of fine points of the Uyghur language, but is probably far too dense for the average learner. A few of the points mentioned seem in contradiction with what is presented in the more modern books, but this should not be surprising given the book's age. The Russian original is unfortunately not in my possession.

L. R. Leinone, "A Handbook of the East Turki Language"

National Security Agency: Washington, D.C., 1956

A rarity. But one that I have not read yet.

G. Raquette, "Eastern Turki Grammar: Practical and Theoretical with Vocabulary"

Reichsdruckerei: Berlin, 1912

Super old book that deals with a number of grammar concepts, but is not at all appropriate for the learner as it's written in the very old Arabic Uyghur script that most Uyghurs today would have trouble reading (although there is usually the Latin version given just after), and as some of the concepts are outdated or incorrect by current standards (it is not clear which, but given what Raquette had to work with back in 1912, it would not surprise me if he simply misunderstood certain concepts without any contemporary research to rely on). However, if you do know the language fairly well, the book may be worth a look as it's quite interesting and many of the concepts discussed are surprisingly valid a century later. Many thanks to Forrest McMunn for going through the trouble of scanning this, and for sending it out to me.

Robert Shaw, "A Sketch of the Turki Language as Spoken in Eastern Turkistan (Kashghar and Yarkand)"

Baptist Mission Press: Calcutta, 1878

Well, this one's extremely interesting if you like history and like to observe how a language evolves over time. Written some 135 years ago, this book is not really an accurate reflection of modern Uyghur and is more recommended as leisure reading. At the same time, a number of the grammar points inside are still valid today, though certain ones with some amendments. A number of authentic documents (e.g., 19th-century passports) complete the work and are a wonderful exhibition in their own right.



Esmael Abdurehim, "The Lopnor dialect of Uyghur: A descriptive analysis"

Unigrafia: Helsinki, 2014

A very recent thesis on the Lopnor dialect of Uyghur. Have not looked at it yet.

Abdurishid Yakup, "The Turfan Dialect of Uyghur"

Harrassowitz Verlag: Wiesbaden, 2005

Very interesting research work, but unfortunately (a) is expensive, (b) is written exclusively for linguists, and (c) focuses in particular on the Uyghur dialect of Turfan and not on the standard Uyghur that most learners are probably after. Check the Google Book preview and then decide if this is something you want to acquire.



ھاجى قۇنلۇق قادىرى, "English-Uighur Dictionary"

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1999

An English-Uyghur dictionary that seems to be more intended for Uyghur learners of the English language.

Daniel St. John, "A Concise Uighur-English Dictionary"

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1997

A concise Uyghur-English dictionary of about 800 pages.

Henry G. Schwarz, "An Uyghur-English Dictionary"

Western Washington: Bellingham, 1992

A very comprehensive 1000+ page dictionary that I've admittedly never used. With respect to dictionaries, I give my preference to the free, handy, and sufficiently comprehensive Yulghun, but if you would like to put up the money for an authoritative and bound volume, then this one is probably not a bad choice. PDF versions are also available, but I will not supply them here.



Litip Tohti, "Common Altaic Verbal Suffixes in Modern Uyghur"

University of Washington: Seattle, 1994

Have not read this one yet, but looks like an interesting PhD thesis for those more academically oriented.



N. Kontovas, "An Analysis of Recent Loans into the Standard Uyghur Lexicon"

University of Chicago: Chicago, 2008

An undergraduate thesis on loan words in Uyghur. Have not read through this one yet.



N. Kontovas, G. Nazarova, "Uyghur Poetry Reader"

Indiana University: Bloomington, 2011

A collection of Uyghur poems with both the original versions and the English translations, and with grammar notes, to boot. Have not looked through this one yet, but it looks like a neat little document.



"كولىن برۇستېر، مۇھەممەت تۇرسۇن ئابدۇللا، "ئۇيغۇرچە - ئىنگلىزچە سۆزلىشىش قوللانمىسى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2000

A phrase book intended for travellers coming to Xinjiang. Have not looked at it yet, but looks pretty good.


-------------- In Mandarin --------------



王继青, 吾斯曼·马木提, "高级维吾尔语教程"

新疆人民出版总社,新疆科学技术出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2013

This is a relatively compact coursebook intended for advanced-level students of the language, and follows the standard Chinese lesson formats of text-dialogue-vocabulary-grammar-exercises. The difficulty level tends to fluctuate very quickly, mostly due to the vocabulary, as the texts use a lot of context-specific terms while the dialogues are relatively simple. Not very much attention is given to grammar, but overall the book isn't bad and is one of the few available materials intended specifically for the advanced level (most learner coursebooks stopping at intermediate).

王继青, 吾斯曼·马木提, "维吾尔语口语教程"

新疆人民出版总社,新疆科学技术出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2013

This is part of the same series as the advanced level coursebook above, and although it's titled as a coursebook for "spoken Uyghur", it is essentially a general coursebook for beginner students, with lessons also including grammar and reading exercises. I have not gone through it in detail.

亚力坤·阿不都萨拉木, 阿不都热衣木·哈德尔, "维语会话教程"

新疆人民卫生出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2009

This book follows the standard format (i.e., text/dialogue followed by vocabulary followed by explanations/grammar followed by exercises), but does not delve as much into the grammar as the other books in Mandarin, staying mostly at the beginner level. The texts are not very interesting, either, with many written like vocabulary cram sessions (e.g., "on the farm, there are tractors, livestock, pitchforks, wheelbarrows, buckets, storehouses, rakes, fertilizer, etc. etc. etc."). I would recommend looking at one of the other Mandarin books instead.

艾尔肯·哈的尔, "维吾尔语教程"

新疆师范大学: 乌鲁木齐, 2009

A very short coursebook written by a professor at the Xinjiang Normal University. Follows the standard format and does not delve into intermediate concepts.

吾买尔·阿皮孜, "基础维吾尔语"

新疆教育出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2008

When I first picked up a copy of this book, I was expecting it to be just like the many other books on the Uyghur language written in Mandarin. I was, however, pleasantly surprised to discover it to be quite comprehensive in its coverage of the grammar and do recall it covering some points that many other books did not. I am attaching a scan here as this is probably very difficult to find if you're outside of Xinjiang.

خالىق نىياز, "基础维吾尔语"

新疆大学出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2006

This is probably the standard textbook used in the Uyghur language classes that are given in different universities in Urumqi (or, at least, this was what we used when I took class there). It is very similar in content to "维吾尔语基础教程" (see just below) and more or less follows the same standard format. Does not go into the most advanced grammar but is nevertheless quite comprehensive and quite a good resource for a beginner/intermediate learner.

阿孜古丽·阿布力米提, "维吾尔语基础教程"

中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 2006

This is easily one of the better Mandarin textbooks for learning Uyghur at a beginner/intermediate level, and is structured in the standard lesson-by-lesson format. Fairly comprehensive and well put together.

吐尔逊·霍加, "维语阅读"

喀什维吾尔文出版社: 喀什, 2001

A reader intended for advanced-level students of the language. I've used this a little in the past, but have not done a thorough inspection to be able to give it a fair review. However, the reading selections appear to be fairly good, if my memory serves me right, and some of the exercises following each passage appear to be good for learning idioms.

"راززاق مەتنىياز، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى ئاڭلاش سۆزلەش دەرسلىكى

شىنجاڭ پەن ـ تېخنىكا سەھىيە نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2001

A book that focuses on listening and speaking, and is intended for high-intermediate and advanced level students. A friend of mine gave this one a good recommendation, though I've yet to look through it. There are also accompanying audio files that may be downloaded here (many thanks to Darren Byler for getting me these).

"راززاق مەتنىياز، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى ئوقۇشلۇقى

شىنجاڭ پەن ـ تېخنىكا سەھىيە نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2001

A reader intended as a complement to the listening/speaking book just above. Have not looked through it yet.

马德元 塔西普拉提 乌买尔, "大众维语(上)"

新疆大学出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 1997

This is probably the most "classic" of the Uyghur textbooks written in Mandarin, and will likely be the first thing that a clerk inside a large Xinjiang bookstore would recommend to you if you ask about Uyghur language materials. That being said, the newer materials (see above) are probably a better option if you can obtain them. Like most of the Mandarin textbooks on the language, this one starts with some chapters explaining the basics of Uyghur and then switches to the very standard lesson formats. The book consists of two parts (see below for the second part), with the accompanying audio files available for download here.

马德元 塔西普拉提 乌买尔, "大众维语(下)"

新疆大学出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 1997

A continuation of the first part (see just above).

赵相如,朱志宁, "维吾尔语简志"

民族出版社: 北京, 1985

Have not looked at this one yet, but it seems like a decent general introduction to the language.



王继青, 吾斯曼·马木提, "维吾尔语语法与习题集"

新疆人民出版总社,新疆科学技术出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2013

This is a collection of different Uyghur grammar points. I have not looked at it in detail.

易坤琇, "维吾尔语语法"

中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1998

While not so officially, this is, in many ways, a Chinese version of Hamit Tömür's comprehensive reference (with Hamit Tömür having played some role in its production). Intended for linguists, beginner Uyghur learners are advised to look elsewhere, but those interested in the rigorous approach to Uyghur grammar are highly advised to have a look. While similar to Tömür's work, there are nevertheless a few grammar points present here that are not found in Tömür's, which makes this worth a quick read for those already familiar with the latter.

程适良, "现代维吾尔语语法"

新疆人民出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 1996

I have not gone through this book yet, but it appears to be very comprehensive and to be written simultaneously in both Uyghur and Mandarin.



米海力, "维吾尔语喀什话研究"

中央民族大学出版社: 北京, 1997

A fairly valuable text, given the limited amount of materials dedicated to the Kashgar dialect. The discussion is very professional and intended for linguists, but can be used successfully by those already familiar with Uyghur and with a good knowledge of Mandarin. A peculiarity of this dialect book is that it does not present the Kashgar dialect with respect to standard Uyghur (by pointing out where and how it differs), but rather gives a concise description of the Kashgar dialect as if presenting a new language. I personally found this to be awkward, since the book is structured just like any standard language book (with sections on pronunciation, vocabulary, grammar, syntax) and teaches everything with a "in Kashgar Uyghur, this is how..." approach, although very much of what is presented is not limited to Kashgar Uyghur, applying to standard Uyghur as well. All the Uyghur in the book is Latinized and written as it would be spoken in Kashgar (which I found quite nice).



塞麦提·麦麦提敏, 吾买尔·阿皮孜, "维吾尔语常用5000词"

新疆人民出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 2012

A very useful booklet of the 5000 most frequently used words in the Uyghur language, further divided into three different levels based on the frequency of use. This is a good way to study vocabulary in a somewhat methodological manner.



史震天, "汉维互译实用教程"

新疆教育出版社: 乌鲁木齐, 1999

A coursebook in Mandarin-Uyghur translation. I have not looked through this one, but it looks fairly interesting and comprehensive. A good portion of the book also includes side-by-side texts/poems in both Uyghur and Mandarin.



阿西木·图尔迪·喀尔鲁克, "维吾尔历史上使用的文字范例选编"

研究院出版社: 安卡拉, 2014

A fascinating tome with a collection of samples from different writing systems used by the Uyghur language over the course of history (strangely, there appear to be three spelling errors in the Uyghur-version title of the book). I've only flipped through it, but it looks like a lot of fun if you're into history, linguistics, and the like. Definitely not recommended for average learners of the language, though.



王心祖, "学维语话不求人"

喀什维吾尔文出版社: 喀什, 2014

A phrase book that I have not looked through.


-------------- In Russian --------------



А. Аблимит, Д. Мин, "Основы Диалога Уйгурского Языка"

Издательство народов КНР: Пекин, 2011

This seems to be a Russian translation of a beginner course in Uyghur published as part of one of the recent projects for developing materials for minority languages. It covers the very rudimentary basics, with the majority of the book dedicated to learning the alphabet, and very fundamental grammatical concepts covered in the remainder. Nothing particularly great, but probably worth a look if you want a beginner's text in Russian. The quality of the Russian translation is not superb, but it's comprehensible. There are also cultural points that are discussed at the end of each chapter, although some of these made me scratch my head and wonder about their accuracy (e.g., "an Uyghur man must put on a doppa when leaving the house").

Д. Ж. Касымова, "Уйгурский язык: Самоучитель"

Ғылым: Алматы, 2005

A very nice book intended for self-study of the Uyghur language. While it is not the most comprehensive, it nevertheless touches on a number of important points and explains some important and oft-ignored elements in greater detail than most other books. Highly recommended read for beginner/intermediate students of the language. The cyrillic Uyghur script is used throughout.

Ш. И. Хидоятова, А. А. Каримов, "Основы Уйгурского Языка (Часть-2)"

Министерство народного образования Республики Узбекистан: Ташкент, 1992

Have not looked through this one, but given its length I can only assume that it only covers the raw essentials. This is the second part, however, which must imply that there's a first as well (that I haven't been able to obtain).



Г. С. Садвакасов, "Строй уйгурского языка"

Наука: Алма-Ата, 1989

According to a friend, the "best Russian book on the Uyghur language available", of which this is a rare scan. I myself have not read it yet though.

А. Кайдаров, "Краткий грамматический очерк уйгурского языка"


A short, 40-page whirlwind tour of Uyghur grammar. While not recommended unless you are already somewhat familiar with the language, this may not be bad as a refresher, although some of the forms given are outdated and no single point is truly explored in great detail.

А. К. Боровков, "Учебник Уйгурского Языка"

Ленинградский Восточный Институт: Ленинград, 1935

For such an old book, this is still surprisingly useful for grammar learners, and I would recommend a look if you are the kind of person who likes antiques. Otherwise, it does not go too far into advanced grammatical concepts, is more of a linguistic work than a true learner's textbook, and shifts to the old Uyghur Arabic script towards the end of the book, which is not easily read for those used to the modern one. Worth at least one glance, however.



Н. А. Баскаков, "Язык прииссыккульских уйгуров"

Издательство "Наука" Казахской ССР: Алма-Ата, 1978

This book deals with the dialect of the Uyghurs residing in the area close to Issyk Kul in Kyrgyzstan - namely, in the city of Karakol (formerly known as Przhevalsk at the time of writing). It is short, but seems like an interesting addition for those interested in Uyghur dialects outside of Xinjiang. I have not really looked through it yet.

Г. Садвакасов, "Язык Уйгуров Ферганской Долины (2)"

Академия Наук Казахской ССР: Алма-Ата, 1976

A most interesting book for the truly curious, as it covers the Uyghur dialect around Fergana in Uzbekistan. I personally have not read through it yet. This is the second book in the series, with a first book of the same name also in existence (though not in my possession).



胡达白尔的·合力里, "俄汉维商品名称词典"

民族出版社: 北京, 2007

A Russian-Mandarin-Uyghur dictionary of commercial products. Appropriate if you know Russian and want to do business in Xinjiang, I suppose.

Э. Н. Наджип, "Уйгурско-Русский Словарь"

Советская Энциклопедия: Москва, 1968

To the best of my knowledge, this is THE dictionary as far as Uyghur-Russian dictionaries go. I have not personally used it, however.

Ш. Кибиров, Ю. Цунвазо, "Уйгурско-русский словарь"

Академия Наук Казахской ССР: Алма-Ата, 1961

Another Uyghur-Russian dictionary. Have not used this one.



رۇسچە-ئۇيغۇرچە سۆزلىشىش"، گۈلزار ھوشۇر"

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2007

A Russian-Uyghur phrase book with conversational phrases intended for all sorts of situations. There are a few mistakes on the Russian side, but if you know Russian then this is a decent resource to learn some Uyghur expressions, which are, to the best of my knowledge, correct.



"Актуальные Проблемы Советского Уйгуроведения"

Академия Наук Казахской ССР: Алма-Ата, 1979

The proceedings of a conference on Uyghur linguistic issues. Recommended for the very curious.

"Исследования по уйгурскому языку"

Академия Наук Казахской ССР: Алмута, 1970

This is a collection of research papers (mostly in Russian, some in cyrillic-script Uyghur) written about various linguistic (sometimes cultural) topics related to the Uyghur language. I have not read it yet, but would say that it's of interest if you really want to study the language from a historical, academic perspective.


-------------- In Uyghur --------------



"ئىبراھىم مۇتىئى، "ئۇيغۇرلارنىڭ يېزىقى ۋە تىلى ھەققىدە

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2013

A large collection of academic linguistic articles about the different aspects of the language. I haven't looked through this one yet.

"شىنجاڭ مائارىپ نەشرىياتى، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ مائارىپ نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2012

This book is intended for middle and high school students and gives a very complete overview of the language - addressing phonetics, lexicology, grammar, syntax, and punctuation. Personally, I found this to be quite neat and useful and would recommend it for advanced learners who would like to obtain a deeper grasp/understanding of the language. The only drawback is that the book doesn't go too much into detail on any one point and focuses more on teaching students general recognition of the different linguistic terms and concepts. This, however, is natural, since native Uyghur speakers would likely already know the details innately.

"ياقۇپجان ياسىن، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ خەلق سەھىيە نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2012

A friend of mine who used this book in his middle school classes recommended it to me, and it looks fairly good and comprehensive. I have not read it in detail yet, however.

"ئارسلان ئابدۇللا تەھۇر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2010

It's going to take a long time for me to go through this one, but it looks like it might be the most comprehensive single resource out there at the moment, as the 2000-page tome covers all of the elements of the language (grammar, syntax, phonetics, lexicology, etc.). Probably an excellent book to make your foundation if you are comfortable reading academic Uyghur.

"كۈرەش مەھمۇتجان رەئىسى، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2003

Another general treatment of the language that seems to focus more on grammar. Have not read through this one yet.

"تۇردى ئەخمەت، ئەنسەردىن مۇسا، نەسرۇللا يولبولدى، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇرتىلى

شىنجاڭ مائارىپ نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1992

An older book on "modern Uyghur". Have not looked through this one yet.

"تۇردى ئەخمەت، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ مائارىپ ئىنستىتۇتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1981

Another older general book on the Uyghur language, including phonetics, lexicology, and grammar. Have not looked through this one yet.

"نەسرۇللا، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1980

Another older book on "modern Uyghur". Have not looked through this one yet either.



"خامىت تۆمۈر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى گرامماتىكىسى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011

This is the most recent Uyghur version of Hamit Tömür's grammar tome. Highly recommended if your Uyghur is at an intermediate level and you want to take your grammar knowledge up a notch. If reading a full book in Uyghur about Uyghur feels intimidating (as it did for me, certainly), then you could try the English version first (see above) and then go through this one, as the content is more or less identical.

"ئارسلان ئابدۇللا، يارى ئەبەيدۇللا، تاش راخمان مۇزات، ئابدۇرېھىم راخمان، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ مائارىپ نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2004

A university-level textbook about the Uyghur language written for Uyghurs by Uyghurs. I have not looked through this one yet.

"مەمتىمىن سالى، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ ئۇنىۋېرسىتېتى نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2004

More or less the same comments as for the text above. Have not read it yet.

"تاش راخمان مۇزات، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2003

Same comments as for the text above.

"سۇلايمان سەپەر، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2002

Same comments as for the text above yet again.

Hemit Tömür, "Hazirqi Zaman Uyğur Tili Grammatikisi"

İstanbul Üniversitesi: İstanbul, 1993

A four-part transcription of Hamit Tömür's work into the Latin script. If you don't like the Arabic script of modern Uyghur, then this might be of some use to you. Parts 2-4 just below.

Hemit Tömür, "Hazirqi Zaman Uyğur Tili Grammatikisi"

İstanbul Üniversitesi: İstanbul, 1993

Part 2.

Hemit Tömür, "Hazirqi Zaman Uyğur Tili Grammatikisi"

İstanbul Üniversitesi: İstanbul, 1993

Part 3.

Hemit Tömür, "Hazirqi Zaman Uyğur Tili Grammatikisi"

İstanbul Üniversitesi: İstanbul, 1993

Part 4.

А. Кайдаров, Ғ. Сәдвақасов, Т. Талипов, "hазирқи заман уйғур тили"

Қазақ ССР Пәнләр Ақадемияси: Алмута, 1963

I have not read this one yet either and so cannot say much about it, but it looks interesting (although the title, "Modern Uyghur", is probably out of date given the book's age). The book is written entirely in Uyghur, with the cyrillic script being used throughout.



"ئابلىز ياقۇب قاتارلىقلار، "ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ 1990

Although I don't really like to read dictionaries, it is difficult not to marvel at the grand piece of work that this one appears to be. Spanning six ~1000-page volumes, I think that it is fair to say that this is the authoritative Uyghur language dictionary. Volumes 2-6 just below (enjoy!).

"ئابلىز ياقۇب قاتارلىقلار، "ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ 1991

Volume 2.

"ئابلىز ياقۇب قاتارلىقلار، "ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ 1992

Volume 3.

"ئابلىز ياقۇب قاتارلىقلار، "ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ 1994

Volume 4.

"ئابلىز ياقۇب قاتارلىقلار، "ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ 1995

Volume 5.

"ئابلىز ياقۇب قاتارلىقلار، "ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ 1998

Volume 6.



"مۇھەببەت قاسىم، تاش راھمان، سەلتەنەت خالىق، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى دىيالېكت-شېۋىلىرىنىڭ ئالاھىدىلىكلىرى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2013

A very comprehensive-looking book on the different dialects of Uyghur, which I unfortunately have not yet had the time to read!

"پەرھات مۇھەممەدئېلى جىلان، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ دىئالېكت ۋە شېۋىلىرى لۇغىتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2009

A dictionary of words/terms specific to the different dialects.

"مىرسۇلتان ئوسمانوۋ، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ خوتەن دىيالېكتى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2004

A book dedicated to the feared and notorious Hotan dialect. Have not read this yet.

"مەلىكە مۇھەممەد، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلىنىڭ قۇمۇل شېۋىسى

شىنجاڭ پەن-تېخنىكا سەھىيە نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1997

A book dedicated to the Qumul (Hami) dialect. Have not read this yet.

"مىرسۇلتان ئوسمانوۋ، "ھازىرقى زامان ئۇيغۇر تىلى دىئالېكتلىرى

شىنجاڭ ياشلار-ئۆسمۈرلەر نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1990

A very fascinating little book dedicated to the different dialects of Uyghur around Xinjiang. Unfortunately, I've yet to read it and so can't say much more.



"ئابدۇرەئۇپ پولات تەكلىماكانى، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى لېكسىكولوگىيەسى ۋە لېكسىكا تەتقىقاتى

مىللەتلەر نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2011

If you are learning the Uyghur language (probably at the advanced level), then this book will probably be a total bore, as page after page chock-full of linguistic discussions makes it into a difficult read. If you are more linguistically oriented, then this book is not so bad, and at times even interesting, as it addresses a number of issues relevant to the Uyghur lexicon, such as the etymology of different words, behaviors of loan words, and (something I particularly enjoyed) Uyghur names. Some portions, such as those discussing how certain words are derived through the use of different particles, are actually of use to a learner of the language, although some chapters - such as those discussing lexicography or how lexicography and lexicology relate to one another - are purely of academic nature. The book finishes with about a hundred pages of the author's previously published research articles, some of which are actually interesting (I liked the ones dealing with the proper naming/translation of certain towns/cities).



"(سۇلايمان سايىت، "ئۇيغۇر تىلى (فونېتىكا

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2002

A textbook dedicated purely to Uyghur phonetics. Unfortunately, I've yet to read it and so cannot say any more.



"ئەزىز ئاناۋۇللا سارتېكىن، "ئۇيغۇر خەلق ماقال - تەمسىللىرى

شىنجاڭ ئۇنىۋېرسىتېتى نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2013

A very long and comprehensive tome of proverbs and sayings. This is basically a list compiled from a number of different sources, with no explanations given, and as such may not be the best for people who want to learn proverbs and their meanings. However, if you want to check if a certain proverb exists (i.e., has appeared in published work), then this is probably the best source for that.

"ئابلىز ئەمەت، "ئوتتۇرا-باشلانغۇچ مەكتەپ ئوقۇغۇچىلىرى ئۈچۈن ئۇيغۇر خەلق ماقال-تەمسىللىرى

شىنجاڭ خەلق باش نەشرىياتى، شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2013

Another annotated compilation of proverbs and sayings by Abliz Emet. This one is intended for primary and middle school students, which means that it (a) is not as comprehensive as the others and is smaller in volume, and (b) uses somewhat simpler explanations (my teacher at the Xinjiang Arts Institute, whose class we used this for, told us that some of the explanations were not complete, or completely correct, for this reason).

"ئابلىز ئەمەت، "ئۇيغۇر خەلق ماقال-تەمسىللىرى ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: بېيجىڭ، 2008

A very comprehensive annotated dictionary of Uyghur proverbs and sayings. I have not gone through it in detail and have not really used it, but it looks neat. An older version is available as well (see below).

"ئابلىز ئەمەت، "ئۇيغۇر خەلق ماقال-تەمسىللىرى ئىزاھلىق لۇغىتى

قەشقەر خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2001

This is an older version of Abliz Emet's comprehensive tome (see above).



"ھارۇت رەسۇل قادىرى، "ئۇيغۇر ئىدىيوملىرى لۇغىتى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2012

A dictionary of idiomatic expressions. Have not looked at this one yet.



"ئابدۇكېرىم ئابلىز، "ئېتۇتلىرى

شىنجاڭ ياشلار ـ ئۆسمۈرلەر نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2013

This is a collection of transcriptions of fifteen of Abdukerim Abliz's "itots" (comedy sketches). While this is not technically language material, it is nevertheless a very helpful tool for Uyghur language learners, since it exposes one to colloquial Uyghur in a way that most materials do not. I have used this book as a foundation for transcribing and subtitling the actual itot videos.



"تۇرسۇنمۇھەممەد ساۋۇت ئۇدمىش، "ئالىي مەكتەپ تىل ـ ئەدەبىياتى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2003

A textbook about literature (Uyghur, Chinese, and foreign). Might be of interest for learning the language, but I have not looked through in detail.

"خەمىت زاكىر، "ئالىي مەكتەپ تىل ـ ئەدەبىياتى

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2002

Another textbook about literature. Have not looked at this one yet.



"تۇرسۇنجان توختىمەمەت، "دۇتار ئۆگىنىش قوللانمىسى

شىنجاڭ گۈزەل سەنئەت ـ فوتو سۈرەت نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2012

A short intro to dutars and some dutar sheet music (for those interested).



(زوردۇن سابىر، "ئانا يۇرت" (ئۈچىنچىسى

شىنجاڭ ياشلار ـ ئۆسمۈرلەر نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2006

Part 3 of Zordun Sabir's trilogy of historical novels.

(زوردۇن سابىر، "ئانا يۇرت" (ئىككىنچىسى

شىنجاڭ ياشلار ـ ئۆسمۈرلەر نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2006

Part 2 of Zordun Sabir's trilogy of historical novels.

(زوردۇن سابىر، "ئانا يۇرت" (بىرىنچىسى

شىنجاڭ ياشلار ـ ئۆسمۈرلەر نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 2006

Part 1 of Zordun Sabir's trilogy of historical novels, describing the events surrounding Gheni Batur and the Nilqa uprising during the time of World War II. Seen by some as the unofficial sequel to "Oyghanghan Zemin".

"مەمتىمىن ھوشۇر، "قۇم باسقان شەھەر

ئۈرۈمچى، 1996

An excellent fiction novel about a utopian oasis city, its destruction at the hands of a greedy king, and the fates of those who once called it home. Excellent and humorous prose, and highly recommended. Unfortunately, the .pdf version I have is incomplete and misses crucial final chapters of the first book.

(ئابدۇرېھىم ئۆتكۈر، "ئويغانغان زېمىن" (ئىككىنچىسى

ئۈرۈمچى، 1993

Part 2 of the historical novel that serves as the unofficial sequel to "Iz".

(ئابدۇرېھىم ئۆتكۈر، "ئويغانغان زېمىن" (بىرىنچىسى

ئۈرۈمچى، 1987

Part 1 of the historical novel that serves as the unofficial sequel to "Iz".

"ئابدۇرېھىم ئۆتكۈر، "ئىز

شىنجاڭ خەلق نەشرىياتى: ئۈرۈمچى، 1985

A classic historical novel about the rebellions that took place in Xinjiang in the early twentieth century, at the time of the fall of the Qing Dynasty.



چىرايلىق خەت يېزىش مەشىقلىرى

تاشئالما ئانا تىل دەرسخانىسى

A practice book for writing Uyghur script. Pretty handy if pretty handwritten Uyghur is what you're after.


-------------- In German --------------



Michael Friederich, Abdurishid Yakup, "Uyghurisch Lehrbuch"

Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag: Wiesbaden, 2002

Okay, so I haven't gotten around to reading this one (my fledgling German being a deterrent), but I've heard good things about it, and from a quick glance through it looks like a solid reference. The price is hefty, but if in Europe you might consider trying to find a copy in a library (I photocopied mine from a library in Bern).



Wolfgang-Ekkehard Scharlipp, "Auxiliarfunktionen von Hauptverben nach Konverb in der neuuigurischen Schriftsprache von Sinkiang"

Klaus Schwarz Verlag: Berlin, 1984

A monograph on the ever tricky auxiliary verbs.


-------------- In Turkish --------------



Hülya Kasapoğlu, "Modern Uygur Türkçesinde Fiil"

Gazi Üniversitesi: Ankara, 1988

A thesis dedicated to Uyghur verbs. Have not looked at this one, but verbs being a particularly important part of Uyghur grammar, I would imagine this to be useful if you can read Turkish.



Emir Necipoviç Necip, "Yeni Uygur Türkçesi Sözlüğü"

Bizim Büro Basımevi: Ankara, 1995

An Uyghur-Turkish dictionary. I have not used this one.


-------------- In Japanese --------------



菅原純, アイスィマ·ミルスルタン, "Éling, Éling!"

東京外国語大学: 東京, 2007

Although looks can be deceiving, this looks like an excellent resource if you know Japanese. I do not, and so unfortunately cannot say more.



菅原純, アイスィマ·ミルスルタン, "現代ウイグル語接辞索引"

東京外国語大学: 東京, 2007

A treatment of Uyghur suffixes to accompany "Éling, Éling!".